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Monday, April 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection. found in the catalog.

Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection.

Frederick Finkelberg

Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection.

  • 295 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published in [Toronto] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Alcoholism -- Treatment,
  • Pituitary hormones

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsToronto, University.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 321 leaves.
    Number of Pages321
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19531259M


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Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection. by Frederick Finkelberg Download PDF EPUB FB2

The endocrine system also plays an essential role in enabling the body to respond and appropriately cope with changes in the internal or external environments, such as changes in the body’s temperature or in the electrolyte composition of the body’s fluids Cited by: The Pituitary, Fourth Edition, continues the tradition of a cogent blend of basic science and clinical medicine which has been the successful hallmark of prior editions.

This comprehensive text is devoted to the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of pituitary disorders. mechanisms by which alcohol acts on the brain to modify be-havior. An important finding is the demonstration that alcohol can affect pituitary hormone with effects on body fluid equilibrium) plays an im-portant role in maintaining tolerance to Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection.

book File Size: KB. Excerpt from The Pituitary Body and Its Disorders: Clinical States Produced by Disorders of the Hypophysis Cerebri From various sources in recent years new facts have been unearthed both in clinic and laboratory which have thrown light on many heretofore Obscure activities Of the pituitary Cited by:   () studied the effects of alcohol on the pituitary–gonadal axis in sexually mature and immature rats, controlling for age and dose of alcohol consumed.

Alcohol reduced testosterone Cited by: Alcohol stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection. book Part of this influence is likely exerted directly at the level of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) gene, but intermediates may Cited by: It must be emphasized that the present results do not imply that a pituitary Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection.

book ordinarily governs the de- velopment of an alcohol-drinking habit. Alcohol was delib- erately chosen for Cited by: Alcohol’s effects on the hormonal (i.e., endocrine) system have widespread consequences for virtually the entire body.

Alcohol-related hormonal disturbances can result in cardiovascular abnormalities and reproductive deficits in both males and females. Other endocrine problems stemming from excess alcohol File Size: KB. Given that alcohol and drug use disorders have high heritability, it is possible that genetic differences in endogenous opioid tone are associated with differing vulnerabilities to alcohol and drug abuse.

β-endorphin activity Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection. book hypothalamic–pituitary. Finally, alcohol abuse and dependence cause emotional and social problems.

Because alcohol affects emotional centers in the limbic system, alcoholics can become anxious, depressed, and even suicidal.

The emotional and physical effects of alcohol. A relationship between some hypothalamic-pituitary-related hormones and craving for alcohol has been suggested, leading to hypothesize a role of some hormones in the neurobiology of alcohol.

Pituitary Function and Immunity: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Skip to main content. Try Prime Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Orders Try Prime Cart.

Books Cited by: Alcohol Abuse: •Alcoholism is a state of continued excessive use of alcohol and addiction to it. •Alcohol - quickly absorbed in the stomach and upper part of the small intestine and reaches tissues in a few File Size: KB. Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection.

book Alcohol can affect estradiol production by interfering with the normal function of regulatory hormones produced by the brain and the pituitary gland. Recent research has demonstrated additional potential mechanisms for alcohol. It connects to the pituitary gland by the stalk-like infundibulum.

The pituitary gland consists of an anterior and posterior lobe, with each lobe secreting different hormones in response to signals from. Effect of chronic alcohol consumption on the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and pituitary beta-endorphin as a function of alcohol intake, age, and gender.

Alcoholism Clinical and Cited by: 7. Ethanol exposure affects prolactin production not only in adults but also in the developing fetus.

Fetal alcohol exposure from day 7 to day 21 of gestation increased pituitary weight, pituitary prolactin mRNA and protein content, and prolactin plasma levels in female rats.

Dealing With Psychological Effects of Alcohol. Even when consumed socially, alcohol can have a significant effect on normal mental function.

In a person suffering from alcohol use disorder, the long. If the pineal did not talk to the pituitary, then the pituitary would look for something else to give it “orders.” Every addictive substance – from sugar to alcohol to drugs to sex to video games – stimulates the pituitary.

This, she explained, is where Yogi Bhajan said addiction originated from: the lack of communication between the pineal and the pituitary. Frederick Finkelberg has written: 'Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection' -- subject(s): Pituitary hormones, Alcoholism, Treatment Asked in Medical Terminology, Medical Definitions and.

T1 - Alcohol and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. AU - Wand, Gary S. PY - Y1 - N2 - For more than two decades, endocrinologists have known that alcohol abuse alters the dynamics of the hypothalamic-pituitary Cited by: 5. The pituitary gland responds to complex central and peripheral signals by two mechanisms.

First, trophic hormone secre tion is exquisitely controlled to regulate homeostasis. Second, developmental or acquired pitu-itary signals may elicit plastic pituitary. Hypothalamus and pituitary: The hypothalamus and pituitary coordinate automatic brain functions and hormone release.

Alcohol depresses nerve centers in the hypothalamus that control. Finally, regarding impairment at the hypothalamus and pituitary, it has been hypothesized that chronic alcohol abuse may cause an increase in TRH, thus down regulating pituitary TRH receptors and.

Living with a pituitary condition; Coping emotionally; Coping emotionally. Being faced with a pituitary condition, with possible life-long implications can be puzzling. It is neither universal nor predictable. Many people with a pituitary.

With the resection of pituitary lesions, the anterior pituitary gland often obstructs transsphenoidal access to the lesion. In such cases, a gland incision and/or partial gland resection may be required to obtain adequate exposure. We investigate this technique and determine the associated risk of post-operative hypopituitarism.

All patients who underwent surgical resection of a pituitary Cited by: 9. Hormone signaling in the body is controlled by three structures in the brain, the hypothalamus, posterior pituitary, and anterior pituitary.

The hypothalamus controls both parts of the pituitary via different mechanisms. describe how hormones released from the posterior and anterior pituitary.

Hormone secretion is often regulated through a negative feedback mechanism, which means that once a hormone is secreted it will cause the hypothalamus and pituitary to shut down the production of.

Another way that alcohol affects the endocrine system is by interfering with how the body absorbs calcium, a chemical needed for strong bones. As a result, people who drink heavily may be at a higher. Lactation, secretion and yielding of milk by females after giving birth.

The milk is produced by the mammary glands, which are contained within the breasts. Pituitary hormones play a central role in lactation. Learn more about the biology and mechanism.

Empty sella syndrome affects the pituitary gland but may not cause symptoms. Learn more about the condition, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. It is important to realize that (1) the feedback mechanisms may cause readjustments between the pituitary and ovary as long as there are follicles remaining in the ovary to respond; (2) over a period.

Little research has assessed the effects of alcohol use on the hypothalamic--pituitary--gonadal (HPG) axis during puberty in humans. Initiation and progression of puberty are controlled by signals from the central nervous system that stimulate the pulsatile diurnal secretion of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) from the hypothalamus into the hypothalamic--pituitary.

The pituitary gland descends from the hypothalamus at the base of the brain, and acts in close association with it. The pituitary is often referred to as the “master gland” because its messenger. Frederick Finkelberg has written: 'Pituitary mechanisms in alcohol self-selection' -- subject(s): Pituitary hormones, Alcoholism, Treatment Asked in Psychology, Human Behavior Are humans.

The hypothalamus–pituitary complex is located in the diencephalon of the brain. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland are connected by a structure called the infundibulum, which contains vasculature and nerve axons. The pituitary. Self Assessment Quiz - Pituitary Gland Disorders (See related pages) 1.

Which of the following physiologic functions is not regulated by anterior pituitary hormones. A) Growth: B) To learn more about the book. Choose from different sets of ch 30 pharmacology pituitary drugs flashcards on Quizlet. Start a free trial of Quizlet Plus by Thanksgiving | Lock in 50% off all year Try it free Ends in 00d 08h 04m 04s.

The results of these studies suggest that the ability of alcohol to depress serum testosterone levels, and thus produce symptoms of hypogonadism in the male of several species, is due to a primary effect of alcohol on the hypothalamic-pituitary aspect of the hypothalamic-pituitary.

A common example is alcohol and water ingestion, which directly inhibit ADH secretion in the pituitary gland. Alternatively caffeine is a diuretic because it interferes with sodium reabsorption (reducing the. pdf Alcohol affects sleep, daytime alertness, and certain physiological processes that occur during sleep.

Its impact on human sleep has received much scientific study dating back to early experiments by Kleitman (), described in his book Sleep and that monograph, the author summarizes the effects that alcohol Cited by:   Growth Hormone Synthesis & Source of Secretion Synthesized by chromphill cells of anterior pituitary.

Secreted by somatotropes which are the acidophilic cells of anterior pituitary. They .The hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis refers to the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and ebook glands as if these individual endocrine glands were a single entity. Because these glands often act in concert.